La Havana is the capital of Cuba and its main touristic destination. It gruops togheter 15 municipalities. Its inauguration date is officially recognized as November 16, 1519 as San Cristóbal of Havana Village.
To defend it from the frequent pirate attacks, the Metropolis (Spain) undertook the building of the most complex and powerful defensive system in the Americas of the 16th to the 19th centuries. Today, those old fortresses are admired by the locals and tourists. The architectural constructions of the capital’s Historic Center and its system of fortifications were dedeclared a World heritage Site in 1982, since they were considered a model of a type of structure that ilustrates an important historic stage and an excepctional example of a traditoinal human settlement, representative of a culture. Another exceptional places of Old Havana are The Capitol, a similar construction to the White House and the Christ, a giant sculpture of Jesuscriste. The ministries, national State and government bodies, diplomatic misions, foreign firms, the principal hospitals, research institutes and cultural, sports and commercial institutions are concentrated in the capital. The tourist infraestructure is supported by the country’s largest hotel plant (24%), close to 80 establishments with some 15 000 rooms; a wide complementary network of around 200 restaurants and innumerable commercial establishments in addition to the Hemingway International Marina, the Tatará Nautical Base and the three international scuba diving centers. The capital receives almost 50% of the foreign tourists who visit Cuba, mainly through José Martí International Airport, the country’s principal airport. Havana is very popular for its rich cultural life and recreative options.